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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 69-73

Automatic readout system for superheated emulsion based neutron detector


1 Defence Laboratory, Ratanada Place, Jodhpur, India
2 Department of Electronics Engineering, IT- BHU, Varanasi, India

Correspondence Address:
J P Meena
Defence Laboratory, Ratanada Place, Jodhpur
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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The paper presents a microcontroller based automatic reader system for neutron measurement using indigenously developed superheated emulsion detector. The system is designed for real time counting of bubbles formed in superheated emulsion detector. A piezoelectric transducer is used for sensing bubble acoustic during the nucleation. The front end of system is mainly consisting of specially designed signal conditioning unit, piezoelectric transducer, an amplifier, a high-pass filter, a differentiator, a comparator and monostable multivibrator. The system is based on PIC 18F6520 microcontroller having large internal SRAM, 10-bit internal ADC, I 2 C interface, UART/USART modules. The paper also describes the design of following microcontroller peripheral units viz temperature monitoring, battery monitoring, LCD display, keypad and a serial communication. The reader system measures and displays neutron dose and dose rate, number of bubble and elapsed time. The developed system can be used for detecting very low neutron leakage in the accelerators, nuclear reactors and nuclear submarines. The important features of system are compact, light weight, cost effective and high neutron sensitivity. The prototype was tested and evaluated by exposing to 241 Am-Be neutron source and results have been reported.


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