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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 201-205

Application of liquid scintillation inclusion method for the simultaneous determination of alpha and beta activities in composite samples


Department of Radiation safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Sonali P. D. Bhade
Department of Radiation safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-0464.101724

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Present work highlights liquid scintillation Automatic Efficiency Control (AEC) as a tool for simultaneous determination of gross α and β activities in composite samples. AEC which is in-built feature in Packard Tri-Carb 2900TR Liquid Scintillation Counter (LSC) provides automatic counting region adjustments for single and dual label samples according to the degree of quench present in sample. In the present study, α/β spiked composite samples were treated as dual label samples with α and β radio-nuclides as two distinct entities contributing to the gross activities and analyzed employing AEC technique. Instrument discriminator settings and regions of interest (ROI) were evaluated to determine optimum counting conditions for present technique. Three sets of pure alpha and pure beta standards simulating the activity concentrations of real samples in terms of α/β activity ratios were used to calibrate LSC. Calibration methodology for Packard Tri-Carb 2900TR LSC with respect to the above measurements using 241 Am, 36 Cl calibration standards is explained in detail. The practicability and working performance of AEC technique was checked by the validation trials with spiked synthetic samples covering range of α/β activity ratios from 1:1 to 1:30 and 30:1.


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