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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 57-64

Risk assessment for recycling of radioactively contaminated scrap metal and its legal aspects


1 Department of Nuclear Law and Licenses, Nuclear and Radiological Regulatory Authority, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department of Quality Assurances, Nuclear and Radiological Regulatory Authority, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Elsayeda F Salem
Egypt Nuclear and Radiological Regulatory Authority, Department of Nuclear Law and Licenses, Nasr City, PO Box - 7551, Cairo
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-0464.128869

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The presence of radioactive material in scrap metal (SM) or the semi-finished products of the metal recycling industries may cause health, economic, legal, and public acceptance problems. This paper deals with the risk assessment in the recycling of the contaminated SM, and its legal aspects, regulation, and control. The purpose of this study is to assess the risks from the recycling of SM and evaluate the Egyptian legal framework regarding the SM. This paper consists of three parts. First, radiation doses and the risks resulting from the recycling of SM and the reuse of surface-contaminated material and equipment are calculated using the RESRAD-RECYCLE computer code. Second, the legal aspects related to SM are reviewed, which deals with the Egyptian nuclear law no. 7 and its executive regulation, and the regulation of the SM. The role of Egyptian Nuclear and Radiation Regulatory Authority (ENRRA) in relation to this issue has also been reviewed. Third, analysis of the draft international non-binding code of conduct on the transboundary movement of radioactive material inadvertently incorporated into scrap metal and semi-finished products of the metal recycling industries has been done.


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