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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 175-180

Influence of physico-chemical parameters on the distribution of uranium in the ground water of Bangalore, India


1 Department of Physics, Bangalore University, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Physics, University Science Instrumentation Centre, Mangalore University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Ningaiah Nagaiah
Department of Physics, Bangalore University, Bangalore - 560 056, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-0464.142389

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Laser-Induced Fluorimetry has been used to measure the concentration of uranium in the ground water samples collected from the selected study locations of Bangalore city, India. The concentration of uranium in the collected water samples is found to be in the range 0.24 μg/l to 770.1 μg/l, with a geometric mean (GM) value of 18.9 μg/l. About 35% of the water samples show the concentration of uranium above the safe limit of 30 μg/l, set by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). The annual effective dose associated with the ingestion of uranium by the adult population of the region has been estimated using the International Commission on Radiation Protection (ICRP) and World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Few physicochemical parameters of water such as pH, Total dissolved solids (TDS), major cations, major anions, and trace elements were also measured. The correlation coefficient among the measured parameters was determined to find the dependence, if any, on the concentration of uranium in the water samples.


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