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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 143-149

Comparison of natural distribution pattern of uranium in groundwater in the vicinity of tailings management facilities at Jaduguda and Turamdih in Singhbhum region, Jharkhand


1 Department of Atomic Energy, Jaduguda, Jharkhand; Health Physics Unit, Jaduguda, Jharkhand; Environmental Studies Section, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai; Health Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
2 Department of Atomic Energy, Jaduguda, Jharkhand; Health Physics Unit, Turamdih, Jharkhand; Environmental Studies Section, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai; Health Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
3 Department of Atomic Energy, Jaduguda, Jharkhand; Environmental Studies Section, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai; Health Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
4 Department of Atomic Energy, Jaduguda, Jharkhand; Health Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
V N Jha
Health Physics Unit, Jaduguda Mines (PO), East Singhbhum, Jharkhand - 832 102
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-0464.154867

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The results of uranium analyses in groundwater samples collected from areas adjacent to Turamdih and Jaduguda sites of solid waste disposal facilities (tailings pond) of process waste of the uranium industry are presented in the paper. These villages are within a distance of 0.5 km from tailings pond at either site. The concentration of uranium in approximately one-third of the samples was below the minimum detection limit (MDL) of 0.5 mg/m 3 . The highest uranium concentration of 16 mg/m 3 was found in tube well sample at the base of uranium mineralized hill of Turamdih with a median concentration of 0.95 mg/m 3 . Around tailings management facility at Jaduguda, the median concentration was 1.1 mg/m 3 with a maximum concentration of 10.9 mg/m 3 . The variations in monitoring results reflect the nature of uranium mineralization at the two sites. The results around Turamdih tailings pond show a high degree of asymmetry. Barring the MDL values, the lognormal distribution of uranium in groundwater around Jaduguda tailings pond was observed. The results reflect the natural distribution of uranium around the facility and contribution of tailings pond was not found in groundwater sources adjoining these facilities.


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