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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-111

Design of prototype two element optically stimulated luminescence dosimeter badge for eye lens monitoring


1 Radiological Physics and Advisory Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Technical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Health Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
4 Health Safety and Environment Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
M S Kulkarni
Radiological Physics and Advisory Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-0464.147294

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A prototype two element eye lens dosimeter badge based on highly sensitive α-Al 2 O 3 :C optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLDs) was designed and developed. The badge consists of a plastic card in which two thin α-Al 2 O 3 :C optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) discs are placed. The OSLDs in the plastic card (when inserted into plastic cassette) are covered with energy compensation filters made up of 0.3 mm thick Cu and 1.35 mm thick Teflon discs positioned symmetrically on both sides of the dosimeter. The OSLD badge is useful for monitoring doses from photons and beta particles. In this paper, theoretical studies using Monte Carlo method as well as using the analytical technique have been performed to study the energy response of the bare α-Al 2 O 3 :C based disc dosimeters. These dosimeter discs have been found to exhibit over-response by a factor of ~ 3.4 at ~ 33 keV photon energy, whereas, beyond 80 keV photon energy, the response is nearly energy independent. Studies have also been performed to find the energy response of the α-Al 2 O 3 :C disc dosimeters under different metal filters, viz., Al, Cu, Sn etc., and under various thicknesses of Teflon. From theoretical simulations, it has been found that 0.3 mm thick Cu is sufficient to correct the over-response in lower energy region within acceptable limits. Further, Teflon disc (DuPont, USA) having thickness of 1.35 mm is found to be the optimized choice as filter for the second dosimeter disc. It is worth mentioning that the ratio of the response of the OSL disc under Teflon to that under Cu filter indicates average energy of X-ray photons and same is used to correct the over-response as well as to estimate the quantity H p (3). Also for higher photon energy region, the readout of the dosimeter disc under Teflon filter directly measures the quantity H p (3). Same holds true for beta particles having maximum beta energy, Emax beyond 0.7 MeV.


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