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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 94-98

Estimation of evapotranspiration from measured meteorological parameters

Radiation Safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Roopashree Shrivastava
Radiation Safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai - 400 085, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/rpe.rpe_13_22

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Five empirical equations, namely, FAO-56 Penman–Monteith, Hargreaves–Samani, Makkink, Turc, and Priestley–Taylor are utilized in the estimation of evapotranspiration for the month of May in 2018 for Trombay site in Maharashtra. Evapotranspiration from a given surface is a function of incoming solar radiation, net radiation, ground heat flux, air temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed. Daily average measurements of these parameters are utilized in the empirical equations for the estimation of evapotranspiration. These estimated values are compared with the measured data from pan evaporimeter installed at Trombay. The measured data from the pan evaporimeter are corrected using the pan coefficient Kp which in turn is also estimated using empirical equations. The average value of the pan coefficient Kp is 0.8 for the site. The average measured value of evapotranspiration is 4.7 mm/d for May 2018, whereas the values estimated using the five empirical equations range from 3.3 mm/d to 12.7 mm/d. Among the five equations, the Turc equation was found to be in the best agreement with the measured values of evapotranspiration. Such studies are useful in the estimation of groundwater recharge, latent heat flux, and agriculture meteorology.

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